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Ines Yousfi from Paris Saclay University asks:
"Could you explain to me what is Green Lab?"

Hi Ines, Green Lab is a movement encouraging research labs to become more sustainable. Labs use 5-10x the energy of an office and lab work generates 5.4 billion kg of plastic waste per year. Our goal is to help reduce the environmental impact of research work. We help academic, industrial and research labs look at their lab practices and optimize for the smallest carbon footprint. This may be simple ideas such as turning off laboratory equipment in the evenings or waiting to fill an autoclave before turning it on; to more effort-intensive initiatives such as implementing a purchasing standard that highlights consumables suppliers that have end-of-life take-back programs or working with your waste hauler to develop a recycling program.   

We're scientists because we want to do good for the world, but our research should not be damaging the planet, and we, as upstanding citizens, need to do our part to help curb climate change.

Environmental_impact_of_Science


"Why is Green Lab important?"

Carbon Footprint of a lab is 3-10X that of your normal life

A research lab uses 3-10X the energy of an office, and each year 5.5 million tonnes of plastic waste is generated by academic research labs. 

Therefore, Labs are great places to make sustainable changes because you will be able to make big impact with only small actions. 

Apologies, we are updating this article. Please check back soon. 

undergraduate student engagement

Eva Thielecke from Maastricht University asks:
"Is there a way to get engaged as an undergrad student?"

Hi Eva, absolutely. We think that it is important to combine Green Lab education with the theoretical and practical Science/Engineering that you are currently learning in class. 

In Chemistry, you might learn a certain reaction using a classic solvent, but you might not know that there have been advancements in green solvent substitution. In Engineering, you might learn about pushing the conversion to get more yield, but you might not learn about alternative sustainable cleaning and sanitization procedures. In Biology labs, you might be taught to dispose of your consumables to minimize contamination and increase safety, but did you know that you can regenerate your Qiagen columns by soaking them in 1M HCl? 

We know that undergrads are probably not in control of a lab, but Green Lab is a mentality of asking "Why?" and challenging the status quo. We think that Green Lab ideas are good things to keep in mind as you progress through your career. You might be able to influence your teaching lab, or your research assistantship/internship/iGEM project lab, and ultimately influence your industry lab when you graduate. 

At Green Your Lab, we love providing free seminars for undergrads. So, please invite us. Let us know if there’s an appropriate opportunity to come speak – perhaps at a relevant seminar series (Chem Soc, Sci Soc, etc). If you can organize it, we're more than happy to come and talk to your students. Then you can see where it goes. Sometimes it just takes the first step…

Start_Green_lab


"How do I start a Green Lab Program?"

1. Power of One
Make a commitment to lead the Sustainable Lab Program for your lab, institute, or organization. 

2. Get a few friends onboard 
It’s optional, but it is more fun to go on this journey with a friend. 

3. Get support from your supervisor, administration, management and finance department
Starting a new initiative is much easier if you can get management onboard. Remind them of your organization’s Sustainability Goals and show them how Green Labs can fit in. Keep them involved regularly along the way. 

4. Form a Green Lab Group
Email out to your organization. Find out who else in your institute is interested in Lab Sustainability and find people who want to get involved. You will get lots of input and ideas from people, even if they do not want to actively get involved. 

5. Meet and Engage your team 
Together decide on your team long term goals and short term focus. 

6. Get external help 
Organizations like Green Your Lab will provide workshops and meet with your team for free to help you get started.  Don’t reinvent the wheel.  Learn about Green Lab best practices from other labs to jump start your initiative.

7. Get started
Whether it is making posters to advertise a sustainable behaviour, putting stickers on the fumehood to remind people to close the sash or starting a competition to encourage change, the hardest step is getting started.  

Green_lab_team_work


"How do I get my colleagues on board?"

If every lab in the United States turned off one piece of equipment overnight for a year, it would be the equivalent of offsetting the CO2 emissions associated with burning 60 million pounds of coal.

The impact of small actions magnifies when others get involved. 

Here are some tips to get your colleagues onboard:

1. Use the right argument
Everyone cares about something different. Know who you are talking to and what things will resonate with them. 

Protect the Planet - e.g. Academic labs produce 5.5 million tonnes of plastic waste per year!
Save Time - e.g. Cleaning out and making an inventory of your freezers not only means you save energy by not having to hold the freezer door open, it saves you time by not having to search through all the junk for your samples 
Save Money - e.g. Regenerating your Qiagen columns means you’ll need to buy fewer 
Safety - e.g. Shutting the Fumehood sash saves energy and increases lab safety by protecting the air quality of the general lab environment
Equipment Lifetime - e.g. Turning off your equipment at night can extend its life and prevent unexpected failures 
Positive PR - e.g. Winning the International Freezer Challenge can get your photo in the journal Nature!

2. Frame is in a positive way
Explain it as an opportunity for them to make an impact just by making a few small changes to their daily routine. Give them concrete actions they can do. 

3. One step at a time
Going Green is not going to happen overnight. It will take a long time. 

Start with the low hanging fruit. Only suggest a small number of changes each time.

Start with small Behavioural Changes. These are small little actions that each person can enact in the lab on their own. These include shutting the sash on the fumehood when not in use or switching off your equipment at night. 

Then move onto Communal Decisions. Actions like increasing the temperature of your ULT freezer from -80C to -70C takes agreement from all the users. There are many examples available from a variety of institutions who have successfully done this and their results can provide a basis for you to make scientific arguments. 

Then move to making a Cultural Change where Sustainability is the forefront of your lab/organization’s activities. 

Sustainable_consumables


"How can I get green consumables in my lab?"

Objection 1: “I’m just a researcher. I don’t have any control over our lab supplies” 

We hear this all the time. Science will never be sustainable unless we change what comes into our labs. 

We understand the challenge. It’s true that most organizations make purchases through their collective procurement agreements. These agreements allow a group of institutions to negotiate prices together; thus increasing their bargaining power and getting better prices. The registered suppliers get added onto the institution’s database to make purchases simpler. Making purchases outside of this database can be a minefield. 

For a researcher, it doesn't feel like you have any power to make changes. 

But let’s not forget -- These products came into existence for you. A significant amount of resources (raw materials, manufacturing, transport) and effort have been spent to bring that labware to you. You are the reason they were made in the first place. Your procurement team is there to serve you. They want to supply you with the products that you need to make your research successful. 

You and the procurement specialists are a team. You are working towards the same goal. Don’t be afraid to have conversations with them about what you need. They want to supply you with things you will like. They want you to succeed. 

Objection 2: “But Green Products Cost More”

Another hurdle is cost. More sustainable products do sometimes cost more. But not always. Chat with your procurement team. Sometimes they can negotiate contracts for greener products that are priced very similarly to their less-green counterparts. Sometimes the products are the same price, but a green supplier might use more sustainable packaging or produce their products with green energy or recycled plastic. 

Other times, don’t just look at the price. There can be other savings generated elsewhere. For example, the supplier might have take back program for their product or their shipping materials. Taking those out of your normal waste stream means your waste bill will decrease. Perhaps that savings can offset the higher purchasing cost. Similarly, reagents that can be stored at room temperature means it does not take up fridge/freezer space. Not using cold storage can have significant savings. Also, consider smaller quantities of less-used materials. They may be more expensive per mL, but if it will expire anyway, that is money down the drain. 

If you can’t justify the extra cost with savings, then it requires getting management onboard. Most organizations have some sort of environmental policy. Talk to your manager. You might be surprised at how supportive they can be. 

Note: Questions and response may be slightly edited to fit website reading. Original text is kept where possible